Food Insecurity

Food Insecurity

Nearly one quarter of all Texans (24.2%) experienced food insecurity in 2013, defined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) as having inconsistent access to adequate food due to lack of financial and other resources. People in food insecure households face ongoing challenges in meeting basic needs like food, rent, medicine and regular access to health care.  In partnership with Crossroads Community Services (CCS) and the North Texas Food Bank (NTFB), CARe researchers are working to better understand the health and well-being of food pantry clients in order to inform new interventions and increased connectivity between the population and health care systems.

Research Products

The Hunger Center Longitudinal Database housed at the North Texas Food Bank’s Hunger Center contains repeat observations of over 2500 households who visit CCS.

Publications

Higashi, R.T., Lee, S.J.C., Leonard, T., Cuate, E.L., Cole, J., Pruitt, S.L. (In press). Multiple co-morbidities and interest in research participation among clients of a nonprofit food distribution site. Clinical and Translational Science.

Higashi, R., Lee, S.J.C., Leonard, T., Cuate, E., Cole, J., Pruitt, S.L. Charitable food distribution sites offer novel opportunities for cancer prevention research and intervention among vulnerable, hard-to-reach, and underserved populations.  Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention 2015; 24:764.

Leonard, T., Hughes, A.E., Pruitt, S.L. (In Press). Understanding how low-socioeconomic status households cope with health shocks:  An analysis of multi-sector linked data. The American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Pruitt SL, Leonard T, Xuan L, Amory R, Nguyen OK, Pezzia C, Swales S. (In press). Who are the food insecure? Implications for targeted recruitment and outreach. Preventing Chronic Disease.

Working Papers

Si, Xia, Leonard, T. , Pruitt, S. 2015.  Investigating the Substitution between Public and Private Nutrition Assistance Programs. 

Si, Xia, Leonard, T.  2015.  Food Access and Program Participation:  The relationship between non-profit food distribution and frequency of participation.

Presentations

Higashi, RT, SJC Lee, T Leonard, EL Cuate, J Cole, SL Pruitt (2015). “Multiple co-morbidities and interest in research participation among clients of a charitable food distribution site.” Clin Transl Sci. [Epub 2015/08/19] doi 10.1111/cts.12325.

Higashi, RT, SJC Lee, T Leonard, EL Cuate, J Cole, SL Pruitt (2015). “Multiple co-morbidities and interest in research participation among clients of a charitable food distribution site.” Academy Health, Annual Research Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, June 2015.

Higashi, RT, SJC Lee, T Leonard, EL Cuate, J Cole, SL Pruitt (2015). “Charitable food distribution sites offer novel opportunities for cancer prevention research and intervention among vulnerable, hard-to-reach, and underserved populations.” Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, Apr 2015, 24:764.

Higashi, RT, SJC Lee, T Leonard, EL Cuate, J Cole, SL Pruitt (2015). “Charitable food distribution sites offer novel opportunities for cancer prevention research and intervention among vulnerable, hard-to-reach, and underserved populations.” American Society of Preventive Oncology, Birmingham, AL, Mar 2015. (Received runner-up for best poster award; published in CEBP.)

Pruit, S., T. Leonard. Community Assistance Research (CARe) Initiative:Progress and vision. Baylor University. Waco, TX. May 19, 2015.

Higashi, R., Lee, S.J.C., Leonard, T., Pruitt, S.L. “$200 for a Mammogram? I Could Buy Food with That Money!”: Competing Needs and the Discourse of Responsibility Among Food-Insecure Households. Paper to be presented at the American Anthropological Association annual meeting. Denver, CO. November, 2015.

Pruitt, S., Leonard, T. “Development and Initial Findings from CARe: A community-academic partnership focused on supporting the needs of food insecure Dallas County residents” to be given at the Texas Hunger Initiative Summit, Baylor University, October 2015.

Leonard, T. “Financial Decision Making and Behavioral Change”. To be given at the Hungry for Change Summit sponsored by the Tarrant County Food Bank, September 2015.