Drug-facilitated assault occurs when drugs or alcohol are used to compromise a person's ability to consent to sexual activity. Drugs and alcohol are often used to minimize the resistance and memory of a victim of sexual assault. Lack of resistance due to diminished capacity from being under the influence of drugs or alcohol does not constitute consent. It is important for victims of sexual assault in these situations not to blame themselves because they drank or did drugs. It is essential to emphasize that it is not his or her fault; the aggressor is the one who took advantage of his or her diminished capacity.
Alcohol and drugs tends to have a different effect on men and women. Sexual provocation, whether intentional or not, is no justification for sex with someone who doesn't give consent or is unable to give consent; it's sexual assault.
The effects of alcohol and drugs might cause men to:
Alcohol and drugs might cause women to:
College campuses are notorious as being places with high levels of alcohol abuse and alcohol use is frequently associated with sexual assaults.
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Alcohol remains the most commonly used chemical in crimes of sexual assault, but there are also substances being used by perpetrators, such as Rohypnol, GHB, GBL, etc.
Rohypnol is a small white tablet that looks a lot like aspirin. It quickly dissolves in liquid and can take effect within 30 minutes of being ingested. The effects peak within two hours and may have lingering effects for eight hours or more. Effects of rohypnol include increased blood pressure, memory impairment, drowsiness, visual disturbances, dizziness, confusion and unconsciousness.
Street Names: Roofies, Whiteys, Mind Erasers, R-2
Pure GHB is commonly sold as a clear, odorless liquid or white crystalline powder. Because it is made in home labs, the effects are often unpredictable. Once ingested, GHB takes effect in approximately 15 minutes and can last three-four hours. Effects of GHB include sedation of the body, intense drowsiness, hampered mobility, verbal incoherence, unconsciousness, nausea, aspiration on own vomit, headache, respiratory failure, seizure-like activity, coma and death.
Street Names: Grievous Bodily Harm (GBH), Liquid X, Liquid E, G, Easy Lay, Cherry Meth, Soap, Salt Water, Vita G, G-Juice, Somatomax, Bedtime Scoop, Gook, Gamma 10, Energy Drink, and Goop.
Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed as anti-anxiety and sleeping medications in the United States, and can be put into an alcoholic drink or soft drink in powder or liquid form. These are legal forms of Rohypnol. Like the other drugs described above, Benzodiazepines can markedly impair and even abolish functions that normally allow a person to resist, or even want to resist, sexual aggression or assault.
Ketamine is a dissociative general anesthetic that has stimulant, hallucinogenic, and hypnotic properties. It is a fast-acting liquid that can be slipped into drinks, and is most commonly used by veterinarians. It can be used to sedate and incapacitate individuals in order to sexually assault them. Ketamine is especially dangerous when mixed with other drugs or alcohol. Effects of Ketamine include dizziness, confusion, hallucinations, disorientation, impaired motor skills and loss of consciousness.
Ecstasy is a toxic hallucinogenic and stimulant that has psychedelic effects. It is illegal to sell or to produce in the United States. Ecstasy is commonly sold as small pills or capsules, and is also available in powder and liquid forms. It can be slipped into an individual's drink in order to facilitate sexual assault.
Ecstasy causes individuals to feel extreme relaxation and positivity towards others while it increases sensitivity to touch. When under the influence of ecstasy individuals are less likely to be able to sense danger, and it may leave them unable to protect themselves from attack. Effects include increased blood pressure, pulse, and body temperature, nausea, blurred vision, loss of consciousness, hallucinations, chills and sweating.
Street Names: E, X, X-TC, M&Ms, Adam, CK, Clarity, Hug Drug, Lover's Speed.