Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 ("Title IX"), 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq.,
is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in
education programs and activities. All public and private elementary and secondary
schools, school districts, colleges, and universities (hereinafter "schools") receiving
any Federal funds must comply with Title IX. Under Title IX, discrimination on the
basis of sex can include sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, sexual
assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion.
Title IX: The Basics
- Title IX is a federal civil rights that prohibits sex discrimination in education. It addresses sexual harassment, gender-based discrimination, and sexual violence.
Sexual violence includes attempted or completed rape or sexual assault, as well as
sexual harassment, stalking, voyeurism, exhibitionism, verbal or physical sexuality-based
threats or abuse, and intimate partner violence.
- Title IX does not apply to female students only. It protects male and female students, faculty, and staff from any sex-based discrimination,
harassment, or violence.
- Schools must be proactive in ensuring that your campus is free of sex discrimination. Schools must take immediate steps to address any sex discrimination, sexual harassment
or sexual violence happening on campus to prevent it from affecting students further.
If a school knows or reasonably should know about discrimination, harassment or violence
that is creating a "hostile environment" for any student, it must act to eliminate
it, remedy the harm caused and prevent its recurrence.
- Schools must have an established procedure for handling complaints of sex discrimination,
sexual harassment or sexual violence. Every school must have a Title IX Coordinator who manages complaints. For the University
of Dallas Title IX Coordinator, see below. If you decide to file a complaint, your school must promptly investigate it regardless
of whether you report to the police, though a police investigation may very briefly
delay the school's investigation if they are gathering evidence. A school may not
wait for the conclusion of a criminal proceeding and should conclude its own investigation
within a semester's time (the 2011 Title IX Guidance proposes 60 days as an appropriate
time frame). The school should use a "preponderance of the evidence" standard to determine
the outcome of a complaint, meaning discipline should result if it is more likely
than not discrimination, harassment or violence occurred. The final decision should
be provided to the victim and the accused in writing and both of them have the right
to appeal the decision.
- Schools must take immediate action to ensure a complainant/victim can continue his
or her education free of ongoing sex discrimination, sexual harassment or sexual violence. Schools, including UD, have the ability to issue a no contact directive to the accused,
as well as make any reasonable changes to the victim's housing, class or sports schedule,
campus job, or extracurricular activity, to ensure one can continue with their education
free from any ongoing sex discrimination, sexual harassment, or sexual violence. These
arrangements can occur before a formal complaint investigation, hearing, or final
decision is make regarding the complaint, nor must they end after the process has
been completed or bypassed by the complainant. Additionally, these accommodations
should not over-burden complainant/victims or limit your educational opportunities.
Instead, schools can require the accused to likewise change some school activities
or classes to ensure there is not ongoing hostile educational environment.
- Schools may not retaliate against someone filing a complaint and must keep a complainant/victim
safe from other retaliatory harassment or behavior. The school may not take adverse action against the complainant/victim for his or
her complaint. Any retaliation can and should be reported in a formal Title IX complaint
to the U.S. Department of Education since it is your right to be free from a hostile
- Schools can issue a no contact directive under Title IX to prevent the accused student
from approaching or interacting with the victim. When necessary for student safety, schools can issue a no contact directive preventing
an accused student from directly or indirectly contacting or interacting with you.
Campus Safety can and should enforce such directives. This is not a court-issued restraining
order, but a school should provide one with information on how to obtain such an order
and facilitate that process if you choose to pursue it.
- In cases of sexual violence, schools are prohibited from encouraging or allowing mediation
(rather than a formal hearing) of the complaint. The 2011 Title IX Guidance prohibits schools from allowing mediation between an accused
student and a complainant-victim in sexual violence cases. However, they may still
offer such an alternative process for other types of complaints, such as sexual harassment.
Realize it is your choice and you can and should seek a disciplinary hearing if you
desire such a formal process. Schools are discouraged from allowing the accused to
question you during a hearing. If your school allows that, consider getting a nonprofit
attorney or other legal advocate to help you through the process and/or file a Title
IX complaint with the U.S. Department of Education about that schools hearing process.
- Schools cannot discourage you from continuing your education. You have a right to remain on campus and have every educational program and opportunity
available to you. It is your choice how to handle sexual harassment or violence, but
realize you have a right to your education and the school MUST adjust to ensure you
can continue free from that hostile environment.
Source: Know Your IX, US Dept of Education Dear Colleague Letter
Title IX Coordinator
The University of Dallas is committed to responding to incidents of sexual misconduct,
harassment and gender or sexuality bias incidents in order to eliminate any hostile
environment, prevent reoccurrence of sexual misconduct and address its effects. Students
can seek appropriate remedies and/or file a grievance through the University's Title
All cases of sexual misconduct or harassment must undergo a Title IX investigation.
Even if the complainant wishes not to file a formal complaint with the university
or local officials, or wishes to keep his/her information confidential, the Title
IX investigation will decided 1) on whether, and to what extent, the university must
further investigate an allegation of sexual misconduct, and 2) what other protective
measures or remedies might be considered to address any effects of the alleged sexual
misconduct in the campus community.
The Title IX Coordinator's office is located on the second floor of Carpenter Hall.
The university will help a victim through any steps they decide to take, while doing
its best to protect their privacy and confidentiality.
Title IX Coordinator
Ms. Janis Townsend
Director of Human Resources
Deputy Title IX Coordinator
Ms. Doré Madere
Director of Student Life
Carpenter Hall – 1st floor
United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights: Questions and Answers
on Title IX and Sexual Violence